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Welcome to ENGLISH WITH YOO! 안녕하세요 English with Yoo!의 Jennifer Yoo입니다.

오늘 배워볼 영어 표현은 cut down on입니다.


Let’s find out what ‘cut down on’ means, but first we will listen to a conversation I had with Alice. 그럼 오늘의 대화를 들어보면서 ‘cut down on’이 무슨 뜻인지 알아 보겠습니다. 잘 들어보세요. Listen carefully.

Cut down on
Alice: Ugh, it’s so hot today! Let’s go get some ice cream to cool off.
Jen: I wish but I can’t! I gained 10 pounds in the last couple of months and my doctor advised me to cut down on sugar and fat.
Alice: If your doctor told you to cut down on sugar and fat, then we definitely can’t get ice cream.

본문에서 Alice가 “Ugh! It’s so hot today. Let’s go get some ice cream to cool off. 어휴, 오늘 무척 덥네! 아이스크림 먹으면서 열기 좀 식히자.”라고 하자 제가 “I wish but I can’t! 그랬으면 좋겠는데 난 안돼! I gained 10 pounds in the last couple of months and my doctor advised me to cut down on sugar and fat. 지난 몇 달 동안 몸무게가 10파운드나 늘었고, 의사가 당분과 지방 섭취를 줄이라고 했어.” 라고 했습니다. 이어 Alice가 “If your doctor told you to cut down on sugar and fat, then we definitely can’t get ice cream. 그래, 의사가 그랬으면 아이스크림은 먹으면 안 되겠구나.”라고 대답하더라고요. 오늘 표현 ‘cut down on’잘 알아두시고요 오늘의 대화를 다시 한번 들어보겠습니다.

Cut down on
Alice:
Ugh, it’s so hot today! Let’s go get some ice cream to cool off.
Jen: I wish but I can’t! I gained 10 pounds in the last couple of months and my doctor advised me to cut down on sugar and fat.
Alice: If your doctor told you to cut down on sugar and fat, then we definitely can’t get ice cream.

Today’s expression is cut down on. To cut down on something means to suddenly decrease or lessen the amount of something. Cut down on 은 ‘무엇을 줄이다, 감소시키다, 자제하다’라는 뜻입니다. 오늘 본문에서 Alice가 더위를 식히기 위해 아이스크림 사 먹으러 가자고 제게 말하자, 저는 의사가 당분과 지방 섭취를 줄이라고 해서 아이스크림은 못 먹는다고 했죠. “I wish but I can’t! I gained 10 pounds in the last couple of months and my doctor advised me to cut down on sugar and fat.” 라고요. 이렇게 무엇을 줄여야 할 때 쓸 수 있는 표현이 바로 ‘cut down on’입니다. 이제 예문을 들어보면서 오늘 표현을 더 익혀보겠습니다. If you want to lose weight you should really exercise and try to cut down on fatty snacks.”라고 하면 “몸무게를 줄이고 싶으면 운동을 꼭 하고 기름진 간식을 계속 자제해야 해.”라는 뜻이 됩니다. Here is another example sentence. Could you try and cut down on smoking. It’s not healthy for you.”라고 하면 “담배 좀 줄이시는 게 좋을 것 같아요. 몸에 나쁘잖아요.”라는 뜻입니다. Now that you know what today’s expression means, let’s listen to the conversation for the last time.

Cut down on
Alice: Ugh, it’s so hot today! Let’s go get some ice cream to cool off.
Jen: I wish but I can’t! I gained 10 pounds in the last couple of months and my doctor advised me to cut down on sugar and fat.
Alice: If your doctor told you to cut down on sugar and fat, then we definitely can’t get ice cream.

Let’s review. To cut down on something means to suddenly decrease or lessen the amount of something. CUT DOWN ON. Now try using this expression on your own. 지금까지 ENGLISH WITH YOO에 Jennifer Yoo입니다. Until next time, bye bye!

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