Medical Journal Estimates 100,000 Civilian Deaths in Iraq War A new report in the British-based medical journal The Lancet estimates that more than 100,000 Iraqi civilians have been killed since the March, 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq.

The survey found the major cause of death was from airstrikes, and many of the victims were women and children. A very small proportion of deaths in the study were related to terrorism.

The researchers did not include deaths in the volatile city of Fallujah in their final analysis, saying that would have skewed the death toll much higher.

There has been no official figure for the number of Iraqis killed since the beginning of the war, but some non-governmental groups have estimated it is between 10,000 and 30,000.

The survey team visited nearly 1,000 Iraqi homes last month. They concede that their results need further verification, but say the conclusion remains clear: that violence is a major public-health problem in Iraq.